A justice system, by definition, features a set of organisations established to control crime and impose penalties on those who violate the country’s laws.
At the heart of any democratic society (and even most non-democratic ones), there will be a justice system with laws that are applicable to all, ensuring that every member of the community has the right to a fair trial.
It is a system which is also founded on the right of an individual to be able to have a dispute heard by an independent judge.
How Did the British Justice System Come About?
The principles which define the British justice system have been formulated over many centuries, as laws and processes have evolved within courts over this time. The basis for most laws in the western world are directly inspired by ancient Roman jurisprudence.
Article 6 of the Human Rights Act now gives effect to these laws in the statement which stipulates that our rights ‘against a civil or criminal charge which must ensure we are entitled to a public hearing, which is conducted fairly and in a timely manner by someone deemed impartial and in a tribunal with is a legal setting’.
The justice system is founded in fairness – striving for a fair society, both for individuals and businesses. Some key focuses of the many organisations who work as part of the justice system:
- Ensuring justice for victims of crime;
- Providing better rehabilitation for criminals;
- Reducing rates of reoffending;
- Punishing the guilty;
- Protecting our liberties;
- Encouraging offenders to make amends with victims.
England and Wales are covered by the Criminal Justice System – it is a major public service in Britain. Across the Criminal Justice System, there are multiple organisations with a role to play – the police, courts and prisons (run by the National Offender Management Service) and the CPS (Crown Prosecution Service). There are also voluntary services run by the likes of Victim Support and the National Association for the Care and Resettlement of Offenders (Nacro), also delivering a vital aspect to the British Justice System.